(Originally published at

Political Prisoners of Iran

1988 executions of Iranian political prisoners (Wikipedia entry).

A., Maryam.  (?).  “Prison Sketches: Memories of the women’s block in Evin, 1980.”  Iran Bulletin: Middle East Forum: 69-72.

Ahmadi, Jaleh.  2005.  “Political prisoners: Iran and Afghanistan.”   Encyclopedia of Women and Islamic Cultures: Volume II, Family, Law and Politics.  Suad Joseph (ed.) Brill: Leiden-Boston: 566-567.

Alizadeh, Parvin.  2001.  “Look closely, it is real.”  Iran Bulletin.  (Autumn): 46-53.
Amini, Fariba. (Accessed 2/22/2006) “Life inside, Soudabeh Ardavan’s prison drawings.”

Azad, Azadeh. 2007. “Prisoners of ‘Love,’” 24 pages.

Bakhash, Shaul.  1997.  “Letter from an Iranian prisoner.”  The New York Review.  April 10: 52-53.
            .  1994.  “Prisoners of the Ayatollah.”  The New York Review.  August 11: 42-45.

Beeman, William O.  1996.  “Torture, television, and Iranian culture.”  American Anthropologist,   98 (4): 875 -877

Boroumand, Ladan and Roya Boroumand.  2002.  “Terror, Islam, and democracy.”  Journal of Democracy, 13 (2): 5-20.

Committee for Solidarity with the Iranian People (CSIP).  1986.  The Enduring Struggle: Women in Iran.  (Pamphlet produced for International Women’s Day 1986 by the CSIP).

Davis, Angela.  Keynote address at he Eleventh International Conference of the Iranian Women’s Studies Foundation.  Golnaz Amin (ed.) (2000) “Review of the Iranian Women’s Feminist Studies and Movements in the Past Two Decades and its Future Outlook,” University of California, Berkeley, California, June 15-18: 62-73.

Ebadi, Shirin.  February 5, 2001.  “Evin is not that bad.”  Payvand’s Iran News.  (Accessed: 10/28/2006).

Evin Prison (Wikipedia Entry).

E-Zan:  Voice of Women Against Fundamentalism in Iran.  December 15, 2004.  “E-Zan Featured Headlines.”  E-Zan:  Voice of Women Against Fundamentalism in Iran, Vol. 7(Accessed: 10/28/2006).

Fakondeh.  (Accessed: 6/7/2006). “Prison’s Memories.”  Iranian Women’s Network Association (SHABAKEH).

Ghaffari, Reza. (Accessed 2/2/2006).  “Life and death of women in Islamic prisons.”  Iran Bulletin.

Godrej, Dinyar.  2006.  “Iran: The tortured.”  Men of the Global South.  Ed. Adam Jones.  London and New York: Zed Books.

Godrej, Dinyar.  2000.  “Dinyar Godrej listens to a messenger for lost blood.”  New Internationalist.  Issue 327(Accessed 2/19/2007).

Goushegir, Ezzat.  2006.  “Film reviews: ‘Women’s Prison,’ Manijeh Hekmat (director).”  Journal of Middle East Women’s Studies, 2 (1): 138-141.

Iranian Student Association In. G.B.  1976.  “4000 Iranian women political prisoners in the Shah’s torture chambers.”

Johnson, Roya. 2004. “The 1988 Iran Massacre: Crimes Against Humanity”. American Thinker.

Matin-Asgari, Afshin  (2006) “Twentieth century Iran’s political prisoners,” Middle Eastern Studies, 42 (5): 689-707.

Mihaila, Raluca. 2002. “Political Considerations in Accountability for Crimes Against Humanity: An Iranian Case Study”. Hemispheres: The Tufts University Journal of International Affairs.

Nafisi, Majid. July 2008. “I Cannot Forgive”. Iranian. (Accessed 8/16/2008)

Nafisi, Majid. June 2008 “Prison Letters”. Iranian. (Accessed 8/16/2008)

Parvaz, Nasrin.  2003.  “Beneath the Narcissus: A woman’s experience of Iranian prisons and beyond.”  Feminist Review, Issue 73: 71-85.

Rejali, Darius.  2001.  “Executions and executioners.”  Encyclopedia Iranica.  Edited by Ehsan Yarshater.  Costa Mesa, CA: Mazda Publishers.

Rejali, Darius.  March 1983.  “The Birth of Modern Torture.”  Social Science Forum 1

Sadeghi-Fassaei, Soheila and Kathleen Kendall.  2001.  “Iranian women’s pathways to imprisonment.”  Women’s Studies International Forum, 24 (6): 701-710

Salami, Mahnaz.  2006.  “Unsung heroes: Conversations with three wives of political prisoners.”  Gozaar: A Journal on Democracy and Human Rights in Iran.  Issue 2.  (Accessed: 10/19/2006).

Shahrooz, Kaveh.  2007. “With Revolutionary Rage and Rancor:  A Preliminary Report on the 1988 Massacre of Iran’s Political Prisoners.”  Harvard Human Rights Journal. Volume 20.

Shahrooz, Kaveh.  July 2008.  “Twenty Years of Silence: The 1988 Massacre and the Quest for Accountability.”  (also available in Persian).

The March 8th Committee.  1998.  Bloody Facts and Tales of Heroic Resistance.

General Articles – A Selected List

Alia, Nada.  2006.  “This is not living, and: women in struggle, and: Soraida, a woman of Palestine (review).”  Journal of Middle East Women’s Studies. 2 (3): 125-130.

Anderson, Patrick.  2004.  “To lie down to death for days: the Turkish hunger strike, 2000-2003.”  Cultural Studies, 18 (6): 816-846.

Booth, Marilyn.  1987.  “Women’s prison memoirs in Egypt and elsewhere: Prison, gender and praxis.”  Middle East Report, 17 (6): 35-41.

Bowcott, Owen.  2002.  “Hope dies in Turkish prison death fasts’ campaign.”  Guardian Weekly, January 19: 3.

Britton, Dana M.  1997.  “Gendered organizational logic: Policy and practice in men’s and women’s prisons.”  Gender & Society, 11 (6): 796-818.

Caglar, Ali, Meltem Onay and Caglar Ozel.  2005.  “Women prisoners in Turkey.”  Middle Eastern Studies.  41 (6): 953-974.

Cruikshank, Barbara.  1999.  “Feminism and punishment.”  Signs: Journal of Women in Culture and Society.  24 (4):  1113-1117.

Davis, Angela and Gina Dent.  2001.  “Conversations: prison as a border: Conversation on gender, globalization, and punishment.”  Signs: Journal of Women in Culture and Society, 26 (4): 1235-1241.

Davis, Angela and Cassandra Shaylor.  2001.  “Race, gender, and the prison industrial complex: California and beyond.”  Meridians: feminism, race, transnationalism, 2 (1): 1-25.

George, Susanna, editor-in-chief.  2003.  “Women in prisons.”  Women in Action, No. 3.

Hooks, Gregory.  2005.  “Outrages against personal dignity: Rationalizing abuse and torture in the war on terror.”  Social Forces, 83 (4): 1627-1645.

McClintock, Scott.  2004.  “The Penal colony: The inscription of the subject in literature and law and detainees as legal non-persons at camp X-Ray.”  Comparative Literature Studies, 41 (1): 153-167.

Peteet, Julie.  1994.  “Male gender and rituals of resistance in the Palestinian Intifada: A cultural politics of violence.”  American Anthropologist, 21 (1): 31-49.

Public Committee Against Torture in Israel (2007) “Ticking Bombs”: Testimonies of Torture Victims in Israel

Rhodes, Lorna.  2001.  “Toward an anthology of prisons.”  Annual Review of Anthropology, No.30: 65-83.

Rhodes, Lorna.  1998.  “Panoptical intimacies.”  Public Culture, 10 (2): 285-311.

Rivera-Fuentes, Consuelo and Lynda Birke .  2002.  “Talking with/in pain: Reflections on bodies under torture.”  Women’s Studies International Forum, 24 (6): 653-668.

Schayegh, Cyrus. 2006. “Criminal-women and mother-women: Sociocultural transformations and the critique of criminality in early post-world war II Iran,” Journal of Middle East Women’s Studies. 2 (3): 1-21.

Shalhoub-Kevorkian, Nadera.  2005.  “Voice therapy for women aligned with political prisoners: A case study of trauma among Palestinian women in the second intifada.”  Social Service Review, 79 (2): 322 -343.

Simalchik, Joan. (Access on line, May 2007). “The politics of torture: Dispelling and the myths and understanding the survivors,” Canadian Centre for Victims of Torture.

Slyomovics, Susan.   2005.  “The argument from silence : Morocco’s truth commission and women political prisoners.”  Journal of Middle East Women’s Studies, 1 (3): 73 -95.

Sumoud.  2005.  “Free Palestinian political prisoners!”  Sumoud, March.

Texeira, Mary Theirry.  June 1997.  “Book Reviews.”  Gender and Society, 11 (3): 370-372.

Wagner, Christopher.  2000.  “An end to torture: Strategies for its eradication edited by Dunér, Bertil.”  Human Rights Quarterly, 22 (2): 630 -634.


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